Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Islami Tareeqa-e-Tijarat
Preface
Economic matter is the natural need of Human beings: In this life, human are dependent on each others. This is the nature of human beings created by Allah Almighty. Trade and business, buying and selling, laboring, agriculture and industries are necessary for them. In these matters, sometimes disputes occur and as a solution the requirement is laws of justice and all this is our day to day observation. For this reason Allah sent down his prophets and last is Muhammad (PBUH) who taught about faith and beliefs, worships and devotions. He also guided us about economic transactions and trade and business which are beneficial for the worldly progress and prosperity and they are necessary for eternal success.
Importance of Muamlaat in Islam: Muamlaat have more importance in Islam then other matters because in this there remains conflict between greediness for materialism and commands of Allah Almighty. The second dimension is that worships and devotions are the right of Allah only but in Muamlaat there are rights of human beings and those who neglect it are culprit of human beings. Hadith of prophet (PBUH) also declared its importance and regarded it more superior then Ibadaats. Third dimension is that the negligence of Muamlaat becomes hurdle in the acceptance of Ibadaats. Islam commands its followers to enter and accept Islam fully and heartily.
The foundations of Economic Muamlaat (Transactions): The foundations are:
        i.            Serving and giving benefit to the Creation of Allah Almighty.
      ii.            Justice.
    iii.            Truthfulness and Honesty.
    iv.            Discounts and solicitude.
All Economic Classes of Muslims should practice religion: All the classes distinguished economically should practice religion as if one group fails it will effects the other and they will also deviate from the right path as Muslims are like an Ummah. For Example, if trade is not following Deen, buyers will find it difficult to practice Islamic teachings while dealing with these trades. Allah’s help is necessary for the Success of society. As Islam is a complete code of life; these codes are the way to gain closeness to Allah whether these are Ibadaats, Ikhlaqiyat or Muamlaat. This is to obey Allah’s commands and to gain His pleasure. It will leads to material progress and prosperity as well.
Religiousness in worldly matters: Secularism is the cause of disasters and destructions of the world. It states that religion is for personal and it has nothing to do with other affairs of life. But for Shariat-e-Muhammadi living this worldly life according to the commands of Allah Almighty is the real following of Deen. Islam is an active religion and condemns passive living. Islam commands to strive for every aspect of life and economics is not separate from it.
Purpose is Akhira: Muslims give supreme importance to Akhira instead of worldly benefits. Their purpose is to be successful in Akhira. Muslims should be united as they are Ummah and their success lies in their unity.
Deen requires struggle with excellence: Muhammad (PBUH) is sent down to spread the religion of Islam and he is the last messenger of Allah, means he is Seal of the Prophets. After Prophet (PBUH), it is the responsibility of the Ummah to spread the Deen of Allah. For this reason, this Ummah is regarded as Best of the nations. They not only strive for improving their conditions materially through trade and business but in this process, they spread the message of Allah throughout the world. But it resulted in their indulgence in this world more than it was required and Prophet (PBUH) was afraid of this situation. Through this, their desire for materialism and love for wealth enhanced and they are occupied with the love of this world. So they deviated from the right path and lose their sense of responsibility.
Renaissance of Ummah:  Deen comes to be established in the world as a system and way of life. The quest to spread Islam is also continuous and those who were enemy of Islam entered in Islam and preaching it now. The urge to learn religion is increasing by day and night. Muslims should be aware of Islamic rulings regarding his field of life and he should be able to guide others. Muslims should also learn the rulings regarding transactions and economic matters as they are ignorant regarding Islamic legislations for business and trade.  This creates a problem that trader can’t understand the point of view of Muslim scholar and scholar is also unable to understand the trader.
Renaissance of Deen in the field of Trade: Allah has given for resources for the earning of livelihood to the human beings. These are trade, agriculture, and manufacturing and through labor but Baraka are in trade. That is why most of the people are linked with trade. Other 3 sources are also related to trade through one way or the other. If Islamic rulings are applied to this field it will have an impact on all other sources of income generation. This book is the guide for trades through which they will be able to practice Islam in their business but alo they will spread Islam.
Chapter 1
Importance, worth and method of learning knowledge and why it is necessary to learn knowledge about one’ profession
First Section: Beginning of Religious studies.
As to leans about Islamic trade and its components is similar to learning Islam it is important that a Muslim trader should know about its worthiness. The examples lie in the life of Prophet (PBUH) and in the lives of companions who never separated religion from other spheres of life.
Origin and development of Religious studies: It was started in the time of Prophet (PBUH). After his era the knowledge of Quran and Sunnah was collected and complied. With the expansion of Islamic state, propagation of Islam and knowledge increased. Muslims made Arabic as a best source of gaining knowledge.
Promotion of Knowledge in the society: Muslim rulers were supporters of spreading of knowledge so there were Madrisas and libraries in abundance. Every scholar was a center of knowledge in his self.
Second Section: Muslims’ accomplishments of knowledge.
Muslims not only study religious knowledge but they had also study about different areas of knowledge. These were:
1.      Mathematics.
2.      Chemistry.
3.      Physics.
4.      Art of agriculture and irrigation.
5.      Utensils and decoration pieces.
6.      Industry of mirror and paper.
7.      Press and printing.
8.      Stones for floors.
9.      Lather products.
10.  Iron and glass equipments.
11.  Seamanship.
12.  Invention of clock.
13.  Guns and weaponry.
14.  Study of history.
15.  Geography.
16.  Zoology.
17.  Herbs and its medicines.
They not only made progress in these areas but they also wrote books on them.
Third Section: Decaying of arts and sciences and their remedies.
The question is that why Muslims faced downfall in education. To understand this we should know that there are two types of knowledge. One is religious knowledge and the other is about material things. Muslims left the studying of religious knowledge and concentrate only on knowledge beneficial for this world. It leads them to their destruction. Materialistic progress is not bad but it should not occupy Muslims so they forget their purpose of creation. So for real success they should not only strive for worldly knowledge but should give supreme importance to religion.
 Fourth Section: Importance of knowledge and knowledgeable persons.
Allah gives them high status and stated that a knowledgeable and an ignorant can’t be equal. Sunnah of Prophet (PBUH) also showed that he proffered learning and seeking education.
Significance of Students and Scholars (Aalims): Islam gives great importance to seeking knowledge. Quran and Sunnah mentioned high status for those who learn and teach. Spreading the knowledge and helping others to abandon sins is the best of deeds.
Intentions of seeking knowledge: the purpose of seeking knowledge should be to get the pleasure of Allah almighty, to end one’s ignorance, to get assistance in practicing Deen, and to attain success in this world and Akhira. Knowledge increases piety and fear of Allah.
1.      Dedication and travelling: try to seek knowledge by living away from one’s house as it will help him to concentrate on seeking knowledge.
2.      Bearing troubles for knowledge: A student should bear all the troubles for seeking knowledge.
3.      Arrangements for learning: Person should concentrate on studying as it is not possible to progress and prosper without studying.
Etiquettes of study circles and respect for teachers: A student should respect his teacher and he should attend the learning circles with great respect and consciousness. Book is the sources of gaining knowledge so appropriate respect should be given to books.
The beneficial subjects for Muslim Ummah: those subjects should fulfill the needs of the society. Those should be:
1.      Complete.
2.      Have strong base.
3.      Comprehensive.
4.      Tested and applied.
5.      Understandable.
6.      Beneficial and advantageous.
7.      Compatible with the society and practicable.
8.      Deductive.
9.      Costs less and economical to apply.
Creator’s teachings and advantages in gaining it:
1.      Source to achieve Allah’s pleasure.
2.      Source to get Allah’s help.
3.      Benefiting from Unseen treasures.
4.      Getting desired results in not time.
5.      Free of cost and easily accessible.
6.      Consistency in the contents.
7.      Fast progress of the society.
8.      Compatible with the society.
9.      Complete code of life.
10.  No need of alteration.
11.  Tested and practicable.
12.  Terbiyah in its nature.
13.  Fulfill all requirements of the society.
14.  Materialistic prosperity.
15.  Source of dignity and self respect.
 Chapter 2
Introduction of Fiqh and its significance in Islam
First Section: Introduction of Fiqh.
Definition of Fiqh: Fiqh literally means to know something, to explain something, and to start a work. In Islamic terminology it means the explainer of Shariah of Islam.
Types of Shariah rulings: one is related to beliefs and the other is related to practice.
Command of Ilm-e-Fiqh: It is the duty of every Muslims to learn knowledge of Fiqh that enable him to live his life according to Islam.
Compilation of Fiqh: The Fiqh was established from the time of Prophet (PBUH), then in the times of companions and then in the time of Tabieen. Imam Abu Hanifa started compiling it in a proper way as due to death of knowledgeable people there was threat to this legacy. He established Majlis-e-Fiqh for this purpose.
Sources of Fiqh: Quran, Sunnah, Ijma and Qiyas.
Division of Fiqh: it is divided into Matoon, Sahrooh and Fatawas.
Second Section: Four school of thoughts and detailed work of Hanfi Fiqh.
Distinguished features of Hanfi Fiqh: The personality of Imam Abu Hanifa and his distinguished characteristics and attributes makes his school of thought reliable.
Third Section: Taqleed (Pursuance)
Literally it means to follow. Technically it means to follow someone without searching his sources and believing that he is right. Taqleed is allowed and disallowed. This is allowed when following truth and it is forbidden when following Kafirs. Taqleed allows a person to follow religion without striving to find out ever matter directly from Quran and Sunnah. It creates easiness for people and ends the chances of many disputes and misunderstandings. Shah Waliullah asked to follow a specific person instead of following generally as the hazard was that people will follow Islam according to their wishes and which suits them. It is unintentional to follow any of the four schools of thoughts as other schools vanished.
Fourth Section: Reality and significance of Fatwa (Rulings).
Fatwa means to tell about Shariah rulings regarding an event which happened. It was started in the time of Prophet (PBUH). It was also given in the time of companions R.A like it was given by Abu Baker Siddique R.A and Umer R.A. it was also done in the era of Tabieen.
Fifth Section: Asking Fatawas from scholars and manners of Asking.
It is the Sunnah of Prophet (PBUH) and a respectable task. One should choose a capable Mufti for derivation of rule or Fatwa as if he is not capable it will lead to disastrous results. A person should ask question from them with due respect. They should be informed fully about the matter or incidence and nothing should be hiding from them. They should be asked for supplications. Their words should be listened carefully and should be noted down.
Chapter 3
Sources of Human knowledge, Revelation and Prophet Hood
First Section: Few natural questions.
Some questions are naturally arising in people’ minds regarding their creator, creation and the world. Knowledge means to have the idea of reality of something. The reality of two things is noted one is material things and other is the knowledge of the unseen.
Second Section: Sources of human knowledge.
There are three sources of human knowledge.
1.      The five senses.
2.      Wisdom.
3.      Revelation.
The five senses have limited abilities to help us and where these ended Allah has given us wisdom based on knowledge to solve our problems. Wisdom is also limited and can be ended at certain point and where it ended then there is another source provided by Allah which is Revelation.
Third Section: Need of revelation.
Allah has created human beings and provided with all the resources to fulfill their needs. He gives them knowledge through revelation where their senses and wisdom left them alone. Revelation is the source to know about command of the creator to live life according to His Will. Allah gives two types of knowledge to human beings.
1.      Cosmology.
2.      The knowledge of the unseen.
Fourth Section: Prophet Hood and bearer of revelation.
Allah has sent down his messengers and Prophets from time to time for the guidance of people. There is a difference between Nabi and Rasool. Nabi is the propagator of the message to the people and he will be Rasool when he will propagate Allah’s message to non Muslims as well. The status of prophet hood is given to the specific people chosen by Allah. The characteristics of these are:
1.      They are innocent.
2.      Revelation sent to them.
3.      Tells about unseen.
The last prophet of Allah is Muhammad (PBUH) and he is the seal of the prophets.
Fifth Section: 2 parts of last revealed education (Book of Allah and Sunnah of Muhammad (PBUH)).
Through Holy Prophet (PBUH), Allah Almighty has sent his final message and words of guidance for all the nations to come till the end of times. This was send through the book of Allah which is Quran and Sunnah or Prophet (PBUH). These both are powerful sources of getting success in this world and Akhira.
Sixth Section: Expressions of Prophet (PBUH)’s Accomplishments.
Prophets are the source of emergence of people with good morals and ethics. Prophet (PBUH) did the tasks of building the character of people. He changed people from the level of animals to the level of humanity. The companions of Prophet (PBUH) are the best example of his efforts on Terbiyah of human beings. They are the best of the Ummah.

Chapter 4
Creation of Human Beings and their Dignity and Nobility
First Section: Beginning of creation of universe and its purpose.
Allah is the sole creator of the whole universe. We can know how the creation of universe started through source of revelation which tells details of creation of universe. Allah created all this with the sound purpose.
 Second Section: Origin of Human beings and Theory of Evolution.
It is the miracle of the Quran that it sheds light on each and every topic relating to human beings. It tells about the creation of human beings and those evidences are the basis to strictly condemn theory of evolution. The first creation of Allah was Adam A.S and it’s mentioned in Quran step by step while theory of Darwin is rejecting able.
 Third Section: Dignity of human beings and their purpose of life.
Allah created human beings as the best creatures and gives them abilities and made them accountable. Human beings are given supreme importance on all other creations.  Allah gave them a purpose of life which is to please Allah and to worship Allah Almighty. The second objective is to live in the earth as a vicegerent of Allah. The destiny of human beings is not associated with wealth and other materialistic gains. The real life of human beings is the life after death and which is eternal.
Chapter 5
Islam is a complete code of life.
First Section: Islam is a complete code of life.
Islam means to submit the will willingly to Allah Almighty and to be His obedient. Islam is the name of human life. Islam is the system which tells about failure and success and it has a complete system to evaluate it. All successes are in the hands of Allah almighty whether it is inner success or outer success. Islam is applicable to all walks of life. Islam is a complete religion. Islam is the compound of 5 things which are beliefs, worships, transactions and morality.
Second Section: Beliefs.
It contains belief in Allah, angels, revealed books, prophets, the Day of Judgment, and the Taqdeer (Fate).
Third Section: Worships.
The purpose of creation of man and Jin is the worship of Allah Almighty. It includes prayer, obligatory alms, fasting, pilgrimage and Dhiker, recitation and supplications.
Second part of consists of mutual relationships of human beings.  It can be subdivided into:
1.      Morality.
2.      Sociality.
3.      Dealings.
4.      Justice and politics.
Fourth Section: Morality.
Moral values have significant impact on life of human beings.
Importance of morality and its need: Allah says in Quran to adopt good moral values and refrain from bad moral values. Some important moral instructions are:
1.      Kind heartedness and cruelty.
2.      Generosity and stinginess.
3.      Truth and falsehood.
4.      Keeping promise and breaking promises.
5.      Honesty and dishonesty.
6.      Justice and tyranny.
7.      Humbleness and arrogance.
8.      Patience and gratitude.
9.      Contentedness and greediness.
10.  Soft spoken and harshness.
11.  Soberness and angriness.
12.  Love and hatred.
13.  Benevolence (Ehsan).
14.  Sacrifice.
15.  Not taking revenge and forgiveness.
16.  Modesty and boldness.
17.  Devotion and showoff.
Fifth Section: Society.
Islam also gives injunctions about the etiquettes and manners of living in the society.
These have two types and one consists of mutual rights and other consists of rights of living patterns.
Mutual rights: it includes the following.
1.      Rights of parents.
2.      Rights of children.
3.      Rights of relatives.
4.      Rights of spouses.
5.      Rights of neighbors.
6.      Rights of minors and elders.
7.      Rights of weak and needy people.
8.      Rights of widows, orphans and destitute.
9.      Rights of patients, oppressed and poor.
10.  Rights of Muslims on each others.
11.  Injunctions on dealing with each other.
12.  Injunctions to be kind with animals.
Rights of Living patterns: This includes the following.
1.      Manners of meeting.
2.      Manners of sleeping and etc.
3.      Manners of sitting.
4.      Manners of behaving in gatherings.
5.      Manners of sneezing and yawning.
6.      Manners of eating.
7.      Manners of dressing.
It is not allowed to follow the trends of non Muslims in dressing and it is despicable in Islam to be like them. When any nation imitates other nations it will destroy its uniqueness and end up in merging in the foreign nation. The imitation can be of following types.
1.      To imitate non Muslims in beliefs and convictions is Kufr.
2.      It is Haram to follow them in religious practices.
3.      It’s Makrooh-e-Tehrimi to imitate them in social norms and customs.
4.      It is allowed to imitate them in science and technology, creations and innovations.
Sixth Section: Dealings.
There are two types of rights.
1.      Rights of Allah.
2.      Rights of Human beings.
The instructions given about Rights of Human beings are also of two types:
1.      One is about society.
2.      Other is about dealings.
Dealings are related to Family laws and economic transactions.
Family Dealings:  Family dealings tell about the rules and regulations about marriage and divorce. It tells about spouses and their rights and responsibilities. Some of them are:
1.      To see the betrothal.
2.      If one party is waiting for response don’t state your offering to take the chance from him.
3.      To ask women before marriage about her will.
4.      Women’s will and status of Wali.
5.      Marriage contract should be announced.
6.      Witnesses for marriage are must.
7.      Marriage should be according to Islamic rulings.
8.      Obligation of Maher.
9.      Marriage should be simple.
10.  No place for Dower as exploitation.
11.  The day of Walima.
12.  Four wives are allowed and they should be treated equally.
13.  The rulings about divorce and its distastefulness.
Economic Dealings: The rulings about economic dealings are based on four principles.
1.      The benefits of human beings.
2.      Justice.
3.      Truth and honesty.
4.      Helping the poor section of the society.
Economic dealings are very sensitive issue and need utmost care and attention.
Seventh Section: Justice, Government and Politics.
Ruling and justice system is very important and it is the duty of the state to manage the justice system and provide justice to all sections of the society. It gives guidelines to the Qazi and tells him about his responsibilities.
Ruling systems should be according to Islam and the democratic system is against Islamic injunctions. Islamic ruling system is the only way which can establish peace in the society. Khilafah is the parallel to western governing system. Khilafah is necessary for implementation of Islamic laws.
Chapter 6
Prophet’s methodology of Quest for Renaissance of Deen
First Section: Allah’s system for the practical implementation of Deen.
Islamic Shariah is necessary for practical implementation of Deen of Allah. Prophets of Allah are not the legislator of Shariah but they are propagator of Shariah of Allah. They struggle hard to acquire knowledge through revelation but also spread the message to the people. The basis of the propagation of Islam by Prophets is:
1.      To invite people to the message of Allah.
2.      To divert attention from this world to Akhira.
3.      To invite them from material things to practicality.
The principles of their Da’wah were:
1.      Repentance from sins.
2.      To be kind with people.
3.      Implementation of laws.
4.      Practical of Terbiyah.
Second Section: last messenger of Allah, Muhammad (PBUH).
Before the advent of Islam, the condition of the world was pathetic and there were moral and ethical declinations of people. The society before Prophet (PBUH) was of ignorance. The religions other than Christianity and Judaism are Zoroastrianism, Buddhism and Hinduism which are parallel to Islam and are altered religion. Prophet (PBUH) changed and reformed the society. He helped people to come out of ignorance and live a life of respectable people.
Third Section: Religious struggle in the era of Prophet (PBUH).
The economic condition was not good at that time and opportunities to earn was limited. In the start Prophet (PBUH) did Da’wah secretly and then after 3 years it was done openly as Muslims were then increased in numbers. The forces of evil were standing against Islam. The Muslims of that time were very consistent. They were pious and very practical. They were given Terbiyah by Prophet (PBH) and had very practical in nature. Muslims migrated to Medina and the message of Islam was spread in medina as well. It is Islamic teaching that people have to struggle in the way of Allah at every cost. Medina became the centre of Islam and the message was spread from that to the other areas. It is commanded to serve the religion through lives, wealth and all the belongings.
Fourth Section: Struggle on the Beliefs by of Prophet (PBUH) and its results.
With the struggle of Prophet (PBUH), beliefs of the people changes and they follow the right track and changes their personality altogether. All this generate a society according to the injunctions of Quran and Sunnah. Companions of Prophet (PBUH) are the best example of the results of his efforts. The characteristics of companions were:
1.      True Anagoges (Maarifat).
2.      Self accountability and condemnation by consciousness.
3.      Honesty and trustworthiness.
4.      Indifference to the creation and materialism.
5.      No value of life and exemplary valor.
6.      Total subjugation.
7.      Responsible society.
8.      Love and obedience.
9.      New people with new Ummah.
10.  Collection of balanced people in the human history.
It was the biggest revolution in the human history. In Medina there was Islamic state and people came from far off places to learn about Islam. Different nations accepted Islam and create their identity as Muslims.
Fifth Section: Responsibility of Muslim Ummah.
Prophet (PBUH) is the seal of the Prophets and there was difference between him and other Prophets and messengers. These are:
1.      First difference is that he is the last messenger and no one will come after him but in past if one Prophet dies he was replaced by other as according to Allah’s will.
2.      In past, Prophets were sent to certain nations or people but Prophet (PBUH) was for the whole world till the end of time, for all nations and for all races.
After Prophets (PBUH) it is the responsibility of his Ummah to propagate Islam and spread the message of Allah to the people and to convey them the truth. To serve the religion of Allah, it is the duty of Muslims to enjoin good and forbid evil, to help others, to propagate Islam and to be righteous. Quran also commands to do Jihad to safeguard Islam from enemies. To strive for the propagation of religion required that people should be forbidden from evil and should be commended and supported to do good and virtuous deeds. Da’wah, providing education, and correcting others is their responsibility. Fighting in the way of Allah is also obligatory for Muslims. Quran commands to do jihad and Mujahedeen are given glad tidings in Quran and if they die as a shaheed their status will be highest.
Chapter 7
The basis of Islamic and Western way of living and its impact on humanity
First Section: Paragon of Islam in Muslims and its impacts and results.
The companions of Prophet (PBUH) get their Terbiyah directly from Him and as a result they were the specimen of his hard work and quest of changing them. Companions were at their best as they were following Islam completely and fully subjugate themselves to the Will of Allah. As a result of efforts by companions, many nations accepted Islam. They had the qualities of leaders and rulers. Their characteristics as a leader were:
1.      They had Quran and Sunnah for guidance.
2.      They were remained as governors or rulers under the direct supervision of Prophet (PBUH).
3.      They were not representing specific nation or was not serving them. They were serving Islam and were its representative.
4.      They were not materialistic and their actions were based on their convictions.
Islamic norms and customs have impact on all other nations. Life according to Islam was based on wisdom and guidance from Allah and His Prophet (PBUH) while living under contemporary system is based on theories and tales. Islamic way of living has a charm and it is spreading in the world. It affects the world through following.
1.      Islamic conviction of Tawheed.
2.      Idol worshiping is not allowed.
3.      Recognizing Allah and eagerness to return to Him.
4.      Islamic moral system and Law making.
Europe also got influenced by Islamic customs, norms and traditions. Islam ahs an impact on all the fields in which European excelled.
Second Section: Reasons of degradation of Muslim Ummah.
Following are the reasons of degradation of Muslim Ummah.
1.      Labefaction of Faith.
2.      Labefaction of conviction resulted in labefaction of Islam.
The impact of this degradation was as follows.
1.      Deterioration of leaders and rulers.
2.      Lack of religious and moral Terbiyah of government officials.
3.      Racism.
4.      Revolt.
5.      Deterioration of Society and surroundings.
6.      Tricks of enemies and struggle of Orientalists against Islam.
Third Section: western civilizations and its impact on humanity.
Civilization is based on the ideology of the nation. Western civilization means that civilization which is originated in Europe and now we see its reflection on each part of the world.  It is necessary to analyze it critically due to following reasons.
1.      Muslim Ummah is influenced by this civilization.
2.      It helps in understanding their wrong ideologies.
3.      By studying and analyzing it we can assess threats and dangers from it.
4.      Ummah will come out of inferiority complexes.
The historical background of western civilization is not a new civilization. It is very old and it belongs to Roman and Greek civilizations.
Greek civilization has following attributes.
1.      Lack of spirituality.
2.      Full of doubts.
3.      Worship of materialism.
4.      Excessive love for own country.
The successor of Greek civilization is Roman civilization. They were much deteriorated in their convictions and were idol worshipers and then Christianity became victorious on this idol worshiping. Roman civilization has greatly influenced by Greek civilization. They were also nationalist and there was kingship.
Westerns are far away from religion due to following reasons:
1.      Deterioration of religious leaders.
2.      Struggle of religion and minorities and the tyranny of Christians.
3.      Revolutionist revolt against religion.
4.      Prejudice of modern thinkers and their haste.
5.      Shortcomings in Da’wah by Muslims.
6.      Emergence of Protestants.
All this wiped religion away from society and they were totally following their whims and wishes. They became lovers of materialism and worldly gains.
Fourth Section: Basic ideology of contemporary western civilization.
The religion of westerns is worshiping materialism rather than Christianity now. They restrict their definition of knowledge to the things which can be observable and which is based on something else doesn’t lie in the category of knowledge. This is their biggest mistake. This definition gives birth to two ideologies.
1.      Materialism.
2.      Rationalism.
These ideologies give rise to various theories, as a reply to the questions that appears in minds, after reflecting on the universe.
1.      According to Bernard Russell the universe came into being as an accident.
2.      Human beings also came into being due to the explosion as chemical reaction occurred.
3.      Imperialism.
4.      Capitalism.
The purpose of man’s life is to get freedom. This freedom should be:
1.      Freedom to choose religion and belief.
2.      Freedom of literature and art.
3.      Sexual freedom.
4.      Gender freedom.
5.      Freedom of education.
6.      Idea of Human rights.
The attitude and behavior at the individual, social, national and international levels should be based on common ideologies. Other factors influencing their ideology are:
1.      Secularism.
2.      Nationalism.
3.      Democracy.
4.      Capitalism.
Three economic system of Europe: These are as follows.
1.      Feudalism.
2.      Socialism.
3.      Capitalism.
Basically they are materialistic and it has an impact on their all spheres of life. If we compare Islamic and Western systems in all spheres of life, Islam has a strong base of Quran and Sunnah and it directs Muslims while they are directionless.
Fifth Section: Analysis of Western prosperity and lose of world due to it.
Everyone needs resources to solve his problems and resources are of two types:
1.      Asbab-e-Aliya.
2.      Asbab-e-Safila.
The success of a nation lies in adopting first type of resources while second type will lead to destruction and end peace of mind. This era is the era of scientific progress and development. But this progress and prosperity leads to the loss of the world. Success means to achieve something and to acquire something with struggle. The purpose of success is to make life easier and to create resources to do tasks easily. But it has an adverse effect on life like:
1.      Reduction in strength and abilities.
2.      Hardness of hearts.
3.      Interference in natural system.
Real failure due to materialistic progress can be seen through the following deterioration.
1.      Lack of religious senses.
2.      Lack of motivation to search for Allah.
3.      Crisis of longing for worldly benefits.
4.      Deterioration of society and morals: Westerns based their dealings, transactions and morals on the following:
                                  i.            Pleasure-ism.
                                ii.            Advantageousness.
5.      Lack of courage and longing for rest.
Effects on Individuals of western progress:
1.      Comfortlessness and un-contentedness
2.      Suicides.
3.      Mental illness and diseases.
Effects on family life:
1.      No respect of relations.
2.      No love for parents.
3.      No Terbiyah of children.
4.      No serving of parents.
5.      Generation gaps effecting generations.
6.      No family life.
Effects of society:
1.      Deterioration of moral values.
Effects on Economic life:
1.      Adulterating.
2.      Hoarding.
3.      Accumulation of wealth.
Effects on Political life:
1.      Racism.
2.      Nationalism.
3.      Through World Bank or IMF capturing other counties.
4.      Interest system.
5.      To create disputes in different countries.
6.      Monopoly of capitalists.
Fifth Section: Renaissance of Ummah.
Prophet (PBUH) changes the condition of people and make them civilized, cultures and well mannered.  He developed a full economic system, social system and political system under Islam. Islam has changed the world and ruled the world but then westerns have impact on them when Muslims became the friends of ignorant nations. They get impressed and influenced by them and trying to imitate them thinking that success lies in walking on their foot marks. But there is a hope that Muslims will come back again with full zeal and will rule the world. Islamic world is the message to the whole world and it’s an invitation to the life. It is the responsibility of the Muslim Ummah to start the struggle of spreading Islam and start the movement of revival of faiths. Ummah’ Da’wah mission has a great impact on the world. It is a way towards success. It is increasing the love for Islam and it is defeating secularism. Islam is coming again to rule the world and it is accepted by non Muslims even. Muslims world is demanding for Shariah and the demand is increasing due to the contemporary conditions. Pakistanis are also in favor of Shariah and they consider it as the best system of the world. Muslims scholars and Ulemas get great respect and place in this society. The deteriorating economic system of the world can be corrected through Islamic economic system only. Islam can put world out of the economic crisis as it is a practical system containing solution for all walks of lives. Muslims are now again reverting to Islam and the next step is to do corrections in dealings and transactions. The scholars have great responsibility in dealings with the contemporary issues and it is required that they should be learned and capable of solving problems through Islamic Texts.

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