Wednesday, January 21, 2015

Islamic Leadership and Management
Life of Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A)
Submitted To:                         Sir Umair Sadiq
Submitted By:                         Amna Hanif
                                                      Nasiar Mehmood
                                                      Nadia Zafar
Submission Date:                04-01-14                                 

CD # 1
Key points of the topic.
Introduction Abū Bakr Siddīq (R.A):
Ø  He was a first Muslim.
Ø  He was the first Khalīfah.
Ø  He was the first person who was with Holy Prophet (PBUH) during Hijrāh.
Ø  Ali ibn-i-Tālib said he was the first in the competition of good deeds.
Important standing points of the life of Abū Bakr Siddīq:
Ø  This first standing point that made his life outstanding is his Islam because he was the first man who embraced Islam.
Ø  The second unique point in the life of Abū Bakr Siddīq (R.A) was the great event of Al-asra-wa-al-maraj that happened to Holy Prophet (PBUH).
Ø  The third stand that when Holy Prophet (PBUH) departed from this mortal world.
Ø  The fourth pivotal point in his life is still more amazing.
Ø  Final stand of the position of Siddīq regarding murtaddeen.
Many titles given to Abū Bakr Siddīq (R.A)
Title given by Holy Quran is “the Companion”.
He was born two years after the year of elephants.
Personality of Abū Bakr Siddīq
He was medium in size, slim and slender. His face was skinny and eyes were deep in the sockets. His skin was very fair. He was very social person, easily approachable and amiable. He was really amicable, friendly, kind and compassionate nature. He was specialist in genealogy.
Lessons learned from the topics.
Ø  We should follow the life of Sahaba and Ummaht-ul-Momeenin and sahabiyat.
Ø  We should talk about history due to today’s identity crises because our youth are being deprived of this precious information only our own negligence.
Ø  It is important for us to learn comprehensively about our heroes.
Ø  We should follow the two most important groups of history, Holy Prophet (PBUH) and Sahaba (R.A)

CD # 2: His Family, Embracing Islam, the Early Deeds
Key points of the topic:
Family of Abū Bakr:
Ø  He got married with 4 women.
Ø  He only became Muslim after Sulhal Hudabiya.
Ø  His first daughter was Asma bint Abī Bakr wife of Zubair ibn al-Awwām
Ø  His second daughter was Ayeisha (R.A) wife of Holy Propher (PBUH)
Ø  Umm Kalthoom was his youngest daughter and she was born after he died.
Ø  He had two sons.
The Islam of Abū Bakr:
Ø  Abū Bakr was the first free man who become Muslim
Ø  His Islam was proved to be more beneficial because as a noble man in the society he used his ability and nobility, strength and wealth, traits and talents exclusively for the service of Islam and the Prophet Muhammad (SAW).
Ø  Five sahaba out of the ten who were given glad tidings of Janna embraced Islam due to his da’wah.
Ø  He was immensely amiable, approachable and well-known all over Arabia. He had vast knowledge about other tribes and background of the people.
Ø  According to Alī bin Tālib the most courageous of men is Abū Bakr.
Ø  He embraced Islam and his entire wealth was devoted for the service of Islam.
Ø  He relieved Hazart Bilal and many slaves from slavery.
CD # 3: Hijrah
Key points of the topic:
Ø  Incident of Ibn-i-Dubanna and Abu Bakr’s faith that protection always given by Allah Almighty.
Ø  We are property of Allāh and always say Allhumdulillah because everything good or bad descends from Allāh.
Ø  Conversation Abu Bakr with tribel man and vast knowledge about people.
Ø  The first Hijra with Holy Prophet (PBUH) 
Ø  He spends time with Holy Prophet (PBUH) in cave of sour.
Lesson from Journey the cave of sour
Ø  Limited time or unusual time
Ø  Elaborate planning of journey
·         Holy Prophet (PBUH) covered and conceals his identity.
·         Left at night and at the back door.
·         Followed the unusual path
·         hired a guide
·         Abu Bakr was assigned to gather intelligence for them,
·         Asma was bringing them food.
·         Āmir bin Fuhaira would manage to eliminate tracks of Abdullah and provide him milk.
Some lessons from the Hijra:
  • An elaborate planning
  • As a human being we should take the entire preventive and safety measures in any difficult situation.
  • Allah protect Holy Prophet (PBUH) from the enemies but he went through an elaborate planning that was worked out in detail to tell us this is my Sunnah and this is my way.
  • We should follow laws of Allāh and we are not capable to break them because there is no concession or favoritism.
  • As a true Muslim, we should be prepared for any project that is anticipated or any mission we are called to.
  • As Muslims we have to take every command seriously.
  • The whole plan of Hijra was made in secrecy.
The problem, issues or disease.
  • People asked about identity of Holy Prophet (PBUH) during journey of Hijra.
How it was resolved.
  • Abu Bakar deal with people very intelligently using the words “he is guiding me” people thought that he guiding him towards the desert.

CD # 4: Jihad with the Messenger of Allah
Key points of the topic:
Abu Bakar never missed any of the conquests of Holy Prophet (PBUH).
The most prominent role that both Abu Bakar and Omar played was the advisers of Holy Prophet (PBUH).
Abu Bakar always accompanied Holy Prophet (PBUH) on all important occasions.
Battle of Badar:
  • Firsty locat the place of Quraish’s army.
  • Made a dua before the battle started.
  • Council with Sahaba about the prisoners of war
  • Take the opinion of Abu Bakar
  • Allah revealed the ayat that Holy Prophet (PBUH) should took the opinion of Umar (R.A).
Specialties of Holy Prophet
  1. I was assisted with fear a distance of a month.
  2. The whole land has been made masjid for me and my ummah
  3. The booties of war have been made halāl for me.
  4. The great intercession is only reserved for me.
  5. I have been sent to all mankind
·         The story of blind man shows the love of Sahaba for Holy Prophet (PBUH).
·         Abu Bakr used abusive words only because the sheer insult to Holy Prophet (PBUH).
·         Urwah bin Masood deeply impressed with love of Sahaba for Holy Prophet (PBUH).
Result of Sulah Hudybiya:
·         After agreement of Sulah Hudybiya vanish all possibilities of war and that caused remarkable beginning of da’wah of Islam all over Arabia.
·         Muslims were 1,400 before agreement two years later Holy Prophet conquered Mecca with 10,000.
The problem, issues or disease.                   
  • Locating the place of Quraish’s army at the time of battle of Badr
  • Holy Prophet wanted to fight line in battle
  • Decision about the prisoners of war
  • Muslims wants to tawaf Kaba
How it was resolved.
  • Holy Prophet used wisdom prudently and peacefully to extract the useful or correct information from the old man.
  • Sahaba suggested staying behind the army if they lose than he will be able to retreat long with other Sahaba and control the situation.
  • Take opinion from all Sahaba and decide with mutual discussion.
  • Due to agreement of Sulah Hudybiya.
Lessons learned from the topics.
  • We need to have wisdom in the situations of war and peace
  • Allah knows the real benefit behind the circumstances we should accept His decision
e was HCD#5: Life in Madinah:
Key points of the topic:
  • Lessons from the conversation between Abū Bakr Siddīq (Radee-Allāhu ‘Anhu) and Rāha bin Amr-at-Taey:
                               I.            Speak to the people according to their level.
                            II.            Be honest.
  • Incident of Abu Qatāda al-Ansari’s shows that Abu Bakar was at a level where he was able to give fatwa even in the presence of Holy Prophet (PBUH)
  • Battle of Hunnain preferred to gave booty the new Muslims in order to draw them closer to Islam.
  • Abu Bakar had brought all of his wealth in battle of Tabūk.
  • Participated in battle of Hunnain and tabuk
  • Abu Bakar and Alī bin Tālib went makkah for the announcement of war.
  • Announcement four things by Holy Prophet (PBUH):
1) No one will enter Janna unless he is a believer
2) No one will make tawāf around the Ka’ba if he is naked.
3) And if you have peace agreement between you and Holy Prophet (PBUH) it ends with the end of the term and won’t be further renewed.
4) And no Mushrik shall make Hajj after this year. So the era of shirk was coming to an end.
Warning for Quraish: Holy Prophet gave time of four months and after that all agreements will be terminated and the only choice left will be either Islam or the sword. 
First Hajj of Abu Bakar 
Holy Prophet had family relationship with all the four Khulafā.
Holy Prophet will be a witness of Suhadah of battle on the Day of Judgment because they sacrifice life for the service of Islam.
Anas bin Mālik was brought up in the house Holy Prophet
Virtues of Abu Bakar
  • Abu Bakar making business was ibbadah because he knows that his money was entirely dedicated to the service of Islam.
  • Abu Bakar didn’t have hot feelings against any one.
  • Abu Bakar always went to Holy Prophet solving for any matter.
  • He is the greatest among Sahaba
Lessons learned from the topics.
  • Parents need to influence their children in the right way.
  • We should always search in real sources Quran and Sunnah about any matter of life.
  • We should do any work like worship. 
CD#6: The Khalifah of the Messenger of Allah
Key points of the topic:
  • Abu Bakar had close friendship with Holy Prophet.
  • Holy Prophet Instruct Abu Bakar for Salah.
  • Abu Bakar is the most scholarly person in this Ummah.
  • Speech of Abu Bakar (R.A) was a turning point for the ummah.
  • Many hadith indicates that Abu Bakr is the one who takes responsibility after Holy Prophet.
  • Shura is important in Islam: Hazart Umar said that: leadership without the Shura of the Muslims is not halāl for him to accept it.
The problem, issues or disease.
  • Leading salah after death of Holy Prophet
  • Appointed of Amir and the burial Holy Prophet.
How it was resolved.
  • Holy Prophet appointed Abu Bakar According to his knowledge and ability.
  • Right decision of Abu Bakar that first unite the Ummah and appoint the Khalifa then burial Holy Prophet
Lessons learned from the topics.
  • One who has vast knowledge of the Book of Allāh should lead the Salah.
  • Allah Almighty put a person in difficulty according to his ability.
  • We should bring back the laws of Allāh in our life.  
Leadership qualities:
  • Higher in religious affairs
  • Strong and peaceful heart
  • Power taking right decision
  • Hold the situation with courage 
CD#7: Inaugural Address Abu Bakr and the Community
Key points of the topic:
Bait given to Abu Bakar (R.A) propely
Speech of Abu Bakar (R.A)
Rules for Islamic governance
  • Quran and Suunah
  • The right of the ummah to hold the leader accountable
  • The Islamic state will be established on justice and equality.
Ø  Every citizen took salary equally
  • Trust: the relationship between the leader and the follower is the relationship of trust. There are three people to whom Allāh Zaujul does not speak on the Day of Judgment and does not purify them and does not even look at them and they will undergo severe punishment:
Ø  An old man committing zina;
Ø  A king who is lying;
Ø  A dependent who is destitute and nevertheless who is arrogant because they are doing sins which are extremely inappropriate for them.
  • Jihad
  • War against vice/evil from insecurity/indecency
Abu Bakar fixed his salary with consent of people
Leadership Qualities:
  • Accountable before the people
  • No favoritism
  • Truthfulness
The problem, issues or disease.
  • How Khalifa meet their financial expenditure
How it was resolved.
  • Hazart Umar fixes his salary with consent of people
Lessons learned from the topics.
  • The sources of law for the Islamic Government in any age after Khilāfāh are the Holy Quran and Sunnah.
  • The accountability of leadership is necessary on all levels, in business, finance, and politics and especially during Islamic movements. This is the model of leadership in Islam
  • We should not follow leader if he is the on the wrong path.
  • Today the ummah is humiliated mainly due to neglect of jihad.
  • Fahish prevails in society due to which Allāh punishes us with diseases.
  • We should bring good administrators in the Muslim world so that they can use their skills and run our Islamic organizations professionally and effectively.

CD#8: The Governors, the Army of Usama
Key points of the topic:
Abu Bakar was not changed the governor or leader which was appointed by Holy Prophet
Responsibilities of those Amirs:
  1. They lead the daily prayers and Salat ul Juma
  2. They would be responsibal everything related to Jihad, responsible for financial concurrence, booties of war, rationing of the soldiers, and payment of salaries in addition to the negotiations made with the enemy and/or any peace agreement or truce on behalf of the Khalifa.
  3. The appointment of judges, zakat collectors and collectors of  jaziya was also their responsibility
  4. They were duty-bound to take bait for the Khalifa
  5. They had to enforce the law, establish the Hadood and decide the cases accordingly.
  6. The Amīr as a political leader or an army general would sit in the masjid and hold the halaka teaching the people Quran and hadīth.
Prepared army of Usama fight with Romans
Speech of Abu Bakar
Abu Bakar had setted the ground rule of Khlafa to follow the Holy Prophet
Abu Bakar orders ten things to army.
i. You shall not engage in treachery.
ii. You shall not steal from the booty.
iii. You shall not act unfaithfully.
iv. You shall not engage in deception.
v. You shall not indulge in mutilation.
vi. You will kill neither a young child, nor an old man or women.
vii. You shall not fell palm trees and burn them. You shall not cut down any fruit bearing tree.
viii. You shall not slaughter a sheep or a cow or a camel except for food.
ix. You will pass by people who occupy themselves in monasteries. Leave them alone with what they are busy.
x. People may come to you and bring vessels with varieties of food. If you eat anything from their dishes mention the name of Allāh over them.
Ø  Usama conqured romans took jaziya and booties of war made negotiations deals with the Arab tribes and signed agreements and truces with them.
Ø  The wars against of Apostates
Ø  The categories of Ridaha
·         They went back to worshipping idols or to what they were doing before Islam.
·         The ones who followed Musalima al-Kazzāb and Aswad-ul-Ansī who claimed to be Prophets.
·         Those who remained Muslims but they refused to pay zakāt and claimed that zakāt had to be paid only to Holy Prophet.
Leaderships Qualities:
Ø  Intelligence
Ø  Trust on Allah
The problem, issues or disease.
  • Appointment of any other Amir than Usama
How it was resolved.
  • Abu Bakar didn’t change Usama because he was appointed by Holy Prophet and he couldn’t refuse the order of Holy Prophet.
Lessons learned from the topics.
  • Whatever situation we are facing we should always follow the Sunnah of Holy Prophet.
  • We should always faith on Allah Almighty.

CD#9: The War against the Apostates
Key points of the topic:
  • Abu Bakar was setting the rules and regulations for the succeeding Khulafa.
  • Abu Bakar was to establish the Sunnah.
  • The plan of Abu Bakar to defend the land of Muslims
  1. Preparations to establish a defensive base in masjid-i-Nabavi.
  2. He employed spies at all the mountain passes and all the routes leading to Medina
  3. He tried to mobilize the Arab tribes surrounding Medina
  • Ridaha of Musailma Kazzāb
  • Ridaha of Tulaiha Azdī
  • Abu Bakar asked all the records in detail from governor after came back it shows prudent leadership of Abu Bakar.
  • Letter of encouragement sand to Khālid bin Walid.
  • Gave harsh punishment warn the rest of the apostates
Leadership Qualities:
  • Right opinion
  • Efficient
  • Judgment ability according to the situation.
  • Accountable
The problem, issues or disease.
  • Not paying zakat.
  • False Prophets Power was expanding day by day and controlling them.
  • Ridaha of Musailma Kazzāb
  • Evil women
  • Ridaha of Tulaiha Azdī
How it was resolved.
  • Fight against the tribes and with proper planning.
  • Abu Bakar attacks them very efficiently and timely and adopted many methods in coping with the apostates. He sent eleven armies to fight in different corners.
  • He also establishes links with the mo’mineen because he wanted to devout the stronger forces to fight against the most dangerous apostates.
  • Abu Bakar sent a letter to his Governor Hazarmot al-Muhājir and ordered him to take action and amputate arms of these women.
  • Khālid bin Walid send two Sahaba to investigate than attack and defeated them
Lessons learned from the topics.
  • It is the responsibility of the leader to enforce the Law of Islam.
  • We should be vigilant and efficient about any matter of religion.
  • We should not hesitate to fight against evils him.
  • First to investigate the situation than attack.

CD#10, 11: The War against the Apostates ,The Compilation of the Qur'an
Key points of the topic:
  • Khalid bin Walid attack Tulia and his army
  • Miracles of sahaba
  • Miracles of Ghazwat
  • Fitna of Rajjāl bin Omar Khawāl.
  • Musailma Kazzāb misuse of knowledge
  • The fitna of a knowledgeable man or a scholar is greater than any fitna.
  • Musailma Kazzāb the most dangerous event ever in the Muslim Caliphate.
  • Role of Muslim women
  • Fighting and conversation between Majah and Khalid bin Walid
The problem, issues or disease.
  • Huffaz were dyeing and compilation Quran
How it was resolved.
  • Responsibility given to the appropriate person Zaid bin Thābit
Lessons learned from the topics.
  • It is important for us to follow the scholars of Haaq.
  • Sahadat is best reward of Allah Almighty for a Muslims.

CD#12: The Conquest of Iraq
Key points of the topic:
 Lessons from the battles of Ridaha
  1. Abu Bakar made Islam distinguishable from all other religions.
  2. Abu Bakar purified the Peninsula and made it launching pad for the conquest.
  3. These battles providing an opportunity to the Khalīfa to know the characteristics and capabilities of the people.
  4. The jurisprudence of Ridaha came in the practical form.
  • Conquest of Iraq
  • Khālid bin Walīd fight a chain of Battles
  • Khālid bin Walīd sent the letters to the King of Persia and to all of his prominent governors for Dawah.
  • Fight in the way of Allah not getting for Ghanima
The problem, issues or disease
  • Appointment of leader Conquest of Iraq
  • Armies join at which place?  
How it was resolved.
  • Both Musanna bin Hartha Shaibānī and Maz’oor because Abu Bakar wanted to attack both sides of that area
  • Set base at al-Herā because Abu Bakar wanted hit the capital of Iraq.
Leadership Qualities:
  • Ability to manage the social and political affairs of the people
  • Strategic planning
CD#13: The War against the Romans
Key points of the topic:
  • Consultation with people before fighting against the Romans and conquering
  • Strategic Planning
  • He made up his mind to go ahead with a mixture of suggestions of both Omar bin Khattāb and Abdur Rahmān bin Auf.
  • The first part he adopted suggesting by Omar consequently sent four armies
  • The second part he adopted suggesting by Abdur Rahmān bin Auf by mobilizing the troops from every corner and brings them ahead for fighting in the wars against the Romans.
  • Importance of Jihad
Four Armies:
  • The first army that was organized under the command of Yazīd bin Sufyan with seven thousand soldiers; its destination was Damascus.
  • The second army was that of Sharhabeel bin Hasana with three thousand soldiers. Its destination was Tabuk to protect the rear of the Muslims and provide reinforcement for them because Tabuk was closest to Medina.
  • The third army comprising three thousand led by Abu Obaida bin Jarrah was heading towards Hams (Syria).
  • The fourth army consisted of seven thousand soldiers led by Amr ibn al’Aas was marching to Palestine.
Advices for the armies:
  • Being a leader you will be held accountable for whatever you do.
  • Takwa of Allāh is very important if an Amīr wants to give good performance.
  • Abu Bakar warns the commander of the army of the perils of nationalism and tribalism.
  • Be brief especially when you are giving them instructions in the battlefield.
  • Take care of yourself. As a Khalifa he is teaching the leader if you want your soldiers to improve then you need to improve yourself.
  • The importance of salat could not be overlooked.
  • Kindness and care towards envoys of the enemy.
  • Only Shoora works with honesty and truth.
  • Intermingling with the soldiers
  • About guarding the Muslim
  • The importance of good company
  • The handling of money
The leadership quality
  • Austerity
  • Simplicity
  • Straightforwardness
Lessons learned from the topics.
  • Islam will prevail against all the enemies until it predominates and stands firm with the Muslims.
  • The improvement of a leader is an actually an investment it will improve the people too.
  • Counseling should proceed in the right way if you want the right Nasiha.

CD#14: The War against the Romans the Appointment of Umar, His Death
Key points of the topic:
  • Appointment of Hazart Umar as Khalifa through shoora
  • It was Abu Bakar who started the mission of dawah into the different nations of the world, especially the Persian and the Roman people.
  • He was the teacher and the guide of the Mujahideen.
  • He worked tirelessly and had no luxury of relaxing or having spare time.
  • He never allowed himself to benefit financially from the post.
  • He had some wealth left during his business days and had pieces of land before he became Khalīfa.
CD15   Some of his Virtues
Key points of the topic:
  • Abu Bakar told sahaba that how to deal with different behavior of people.
  • Fear of Allāh is the fruit of knowledge.
  • Insight ability to interpret dreams
  • Quality of Momin
1.      Mutaqeen
2.      They believe in the unseen
The leadership quality
  • Most knowledgeable
  • Fear of Allah Almighty
Lessons learned from the topics.
  • We should adopt Quranic laws and Sunnah of Holy Prophet even if it is against our environment.
  • We should follow the way of Holy Prophet and Sahaba than we may arrive at the right meanings.
  • Any change in human life that we want to bring about should be learnt in an intellectual way and then implemented into action.
  • We will have to fix our mind and not levy any condition thereof. The wrong information that is stuffed in our brain needs to be taken off by the way of Holy Prophet and Sahaba
  •  Our view of the world – our view of the relationship with our brothers is something that needs to be sorted out at first.
  • Our view of what our responsibility is towards hakam of Allah Almighty is to straighten our views thoroughly before we make any change in our life.


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